Japanese English Translator  > Article >  SUMMARY & TRANSCRIPTION

Sometimes it is difficult to grasp the idea of a long writing and frequently we then create a summary of a paper is to help understand the ideas of the author. The same is done when we want to copy the article in another language or writing particular we want to know the core of his writing. How to adapt could be an alternative.

Summarizing, adapt, and transcribing does have similarities. All three are based on the ideas of others. However, in the case of transcribing, there is little difference. Activities transcribe over to copying form oral to written form. Furthermore, about a third of this, described in the following three points.


Presenting a paper from an author writing in a concise presentation is not easy. We need to carefully read and pay attention when we have to write it quick. This is related to our efforts to capture the idea or ideas of the author. Summarize the steps we can use to determine the author's intent and purpose as well in order to present a paper in the form of a compact, dense, and still based on the original idea of the author. In this case, we must consider in making a summary is to preserve the original order of the author's original idea. However, let us not confuse these terms when we will make an overview. The benchmark would both cases there is a difference. In making a summary, we do not need to maintain the order of the original essay and do not need to provide the contents of the entire essay proportionally (Keraf 1984: 262). Here we will discuss about the limits of the meaning of the summary. Interpreted as presenting a brief summary of an original essay but keep the content and sequence of the original author's point of view. While the comparison of sections or chapters of the original essay proportionately maintained in its brief that (Keraf 1984: 262). In other words, the summary is an effective way to present a lengthy essay in a short form. Then what is the purpose of summarizing these? Gorys Keraf suggested that a summary can be useful to develop expressions and saving word. Exercise makes the summary, according to him, would sharpen his creative and the concentration of the author's summary. Author summaries can easily understand and know the contents of the original essay, both in the preparation of essays, the way his ideas in language and composition is good, way to solve a problem, and so forth. Some form of a summary of which can be abstract, synopsis, and conclusions. In a scientific paper (thesis, final reports, theses, and dissertations), a process commonly referred to as summarizing abstract (Widyamartana and Sudiati 1997: 52). Abstract or summary based explanation Harianto GP (2000: 227) is intended as providing the shortest description of any subject matter. Summary in a scientific paper should include basic issues, basic assumptions, hypotheses, methodology, data processing resources, conclusions and suggestions.
Summary in the form of a synopsis usually done in books such as fiction or nonfiction. A synopsis is one of the simplest form of a work that presumably helped to encourage others to read the whole (Djuharie and Suherli 2001: 12).
While the other is a summary conclusion. Conclusion is simplest form that expresses the main idea of a description or discussion to emphasize the central idea, and the resolution of the problems disclosed (Djuharie and Suherli 2001: 13).


Actually, "adaptation" is another by translating / divert translated. The term is now more commonly used is "adaptation." Most commonly, the adaptation made between the two fields of art, such as a film whose story adapting a novel. In the literature, it could be a work of adapting a folk tale.

Adaptation principle is taking a staple to be developed. Details can be an entirely new story, he said the language should also be different. So, silat stories from Hong Kong and Taiwan were circulating in Indonesian at all can not be called adaptation or adaptation. Since there is no story development or use language says a completely new one.
They still work translations. The term adaptations are often taped to the cover is merely a subterfuge to avoid copyright lawsuits. Return to the term "adapt", the official definition is "to reconstruct the story freely, without damaging the outline of the story, usually from another language" (KBBI Edition-II, Matter Into-9, 1997, page 859).
Is reconstitute just flipping through sentence structure or arrangement of events? Or simply edit, reduce and add? If it were just that, the new content we call free translation!
Adapt to be more than that. There must be something new beyond the original story, "Without damaging the outline of the story". The development of the story does not mean altering the story line, for example, we know the story outline Engtai Sampek stories, but their meeting and parting scene, details of their conversation, we might develop themselves.


When we hear the word transcript, our understanding will certainly refer to copying an oral form to the written form. Transcription by definition Harimukti Kridalaksana is converting speech into written form, typically by describing any sounds or phonemes with one symbol (2001: 219). This is consistent with the view J.S. Badudu that there is a copy of text with another letter to indicate pronunciation, language phonemes in question (2005: 351). The transcript in this case is very useful, especially when we are going to make a copy, the record of a conversation into written form.
In Big Indonesian Dictionary, means a copy of the transcript. Transcribing means copying. What can be copied? Of course it could be anything. But the transcript referred to in this paper are copying or transcribing audio / video (sound / picture noise) in the form of written text.
Audio Here is a recording / sound documented in the form of tapes / mini tapes or digital voice clip / sound clip and a video clip. What are the contents of the tape? Can the results of interviews, discussions, seminars, focus group discussions, training, speech, hearing, films, educational videos, training videos, video tutorials, and so on. Recorded using a tape recorder in the form of cassette recorder, voice recorder or a video cassette recorder and stored in digital format as well as voice / sound clip and the video clip.
Results transcripts are usually written in the form of text-based posts of the content. The results of these transcripts can vary. There is a transcript of the results too well 'as is' meaning his words written word even situation also written to describe the situation.
Results transcripts there is also a bit like a summary of the results of the event / meeting, the results of a resume, or even minuta meeting. But the results of these transcripts may not have opinions / personal opinions of the author transcript. So it really just a summary of the event and based on what is spoken / pronounced in the event. Results transcript (a written document) will be different depending on the needs and desires of the owner of this record. For example, the results of transcripts of training, used to see the picture of the training process and the material presented and developed materials to make an evaluation, module repair, report generation and so forth. Results FGD transcripts, seminar or discussion can be used as an ingredient to look back on events and interesting material points of agreement in the event based around the subject matter for discussion at the event.
Results transcripts educational videos, training videos, tutorials can be used as reading material for the participants to make it easier to follow the flow of the teacher education and can be used as a guide in teaching. The results can be used as evidence transcripts of authentic writing about something. For example thesis trial transcripts, trial transcripts and so forth.
Recording and mentranskripkan an important event that every event has a written documentation in addition to audio and video documentation. Transcribe similar to but not the same menotulensi. Transcribing can be done anytime and anywhere as long as the material can be transcribed to exist. So, it could be that the material ingredients 1 year ago, or months ago. The material is then transcribed as in anticipation of digital data loss due to computer malfunction, moldy tapes, video moldy, and so forth.
There are several kinds of transcription refers to the Dictionary of Linguistics Harimurti Kridalakasana (2002: 219). Although very thick with linguistic terms, given transcription is close to the study of phonetics, the introduction of a variety of transcription following certainly adds to our insight. Transcription sequence, the phonetic transcription of the text sequentially rather than words off. Phonemic transcription, ie transcription using a symbol to describe without seeing a single phoneme phonetic differences.
Phonetic transcription, ie transcription attempted to describe all sounds thoroughly.
Rough transcription, ie transcription phonetic symbol of limited use phonemic analysis is used as a system that is easy to read characters.
Transcription impressionistic, the phonetic transcription of the symbol as much as made without the knowledge of a particular language system; transcription of this kind used to make the first introduction of a language. Orthographic transcription, ie transcription according to the spelling rules of the language. Transcription carefully, the phonetic transcription accurately describe the continuum of speech. Systematic transcription, phonetic transcription is limited to the symbol created after the investigators know the language and after the speech segments are known.
Broadly speaking, the written form of the transcription is a form of greeting. Some examples of transcripts, eg transcripts of speeches, interviews, or press release. This process, referred sebagaimna Shaddily and Echols, as well as record or transcribe the conversation. The way to do this is to write down word for word from a source to a specific purpose (usually recorded) on a radio recorder and copied in writing or typing. A way of writing to summarize, adapt, and transcribing, it includes how to present a paper, written in the form of talks presented briefly. A summary of an article form should continue to emphasize the consistency of a sequence according to the author's idea or ideas. Once the case when we adapt, it is also true - the idea of retaining the original manuscript. While transcribing more to attempt to present an oral form in writing. Presentation of the results of the three forms of writing turned out to be a good exercise for us. Especially to sharpen our understanding of the original work. In addition, we will be looking at what we read and hear, firmly Keraf (1984:262) by

Leave a Reply

Call Now
%d bloggers like this: